Steve Biko was born in King William's Town, South Africa. He excelled in school. He was expelled from Lovedale High School. He received a scholarship to attend St. Francis College in Natal, a Catholic boarding school. While in Medical School, Biko became involved in the NUSAS (National Union Of South African Students). In 1968, Steve Biko was the first president of the South African Students' Organization (SASO) The primary aim of the organization was to raise 'black consciousness' in South Africa through lectures and community activities. Biko preached African solidarity to "break the chains of oppression".
Biko was banned in 1973. For the next four years, he continued to spread his message at gatherings and with his underground publication called "Frank Talk". During this period Biko was often harassed, arrested, and detained by the South African Police. He gave the place of culture in the struggle centre stage. Steve Biko was murdered in police detention September 1977.
“The most potent weapon in the hands of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed.” Steve Biko